Microservices with NestJs and Docker

Microservices architecture has become increasingly popular for building large, complex applications. It allows for independent development, scalability, and fault tolerance. NestJs is a popular Node.js framework that provides a solid foundation for building microservices. Docker is a containerization platform that simplifies the deployment and management of applications. In this guide, we will explore how to build and deploy microservices with NestJs and Docker.


Before we get started, make sure you have the following installed on your machine:

Probably worth checking NestJs Unit Testing Best Practices

Create a NestJs Microservice

Let’s create a new NestJs application with the @nestjs/microservices package. Run the following command:

Next, create a main.ts file with the following code:

This code creates a new NestJs microservice using TCP as the transport protocol.

Create a Dockerfile

Now that we have a working microservice, let’s containerize it using Docker. Create a new file called Dockerfile in the root directory of your project with the following code:

This Dockerfile uses the official Node.js 14 Alpine image, sets the working directory, installs the dependencies, copies the application code, and starts the application in production mode.

Build and Run the Docker Image

Now that we have a Dockerfile, let’s build the Docker image and run it. Run the following commands:

This will build the Docker image and start the container on port 3000.

NestJs Docker Build Output

Once the docker build is successful, run the docker run command.

NestJs Docker Run Output

Open http://localhost:3000 in the browser and you see your NestJs application running from Docker.


In this guide, we have explored how to build and deploy microservices with NestJs and Docker. We created a new NestJs microservice, containerized it using Docker, and ran it. With this knowledge, you can start building your own microservices using NestJs and Docker.

Building REST APIs with NestJs and MongoDB

Real-time Communication with WebSockets and NestJs

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *